Overpronation & Flatfoot

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Overpronation of the feet occurs when the inner arch of the foot rolls excessively inwards. This places additional stress on the foot’s muscles and ligaments, causing pain and discomfort. Severe overpronation often results in a flatfoot deformity.

There are several causes of overpronation:

  • Flatfeet
  • Excessive tightness of the calf muscles
  • Overuse (or repetitive strain) on the foot’s muscles
  • Wearing unsupportive footwear or shoes that do not fit well or are worn out

Signs and Symptoms

Besides pain in the foot and ankle, you could also experience other signs and symptoms arising from overpronation, such as:

  • Pain in the arch of the foot when walking or running
  • Feet are rolled inwards with a flattened arch when standing
  • Pain in the knees, legs, hips, and lower back
  • Shoes are more worn out along the inner edges of the sole
  • Unstable feet when walking or running

Overpronation can also cause conditions like plantar fasciitis and issues with the Posterior Tibial Tendon, which is a Medial Ankle Tendon (tendon on the medial (middle or centre) side of the ankle). If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, consult with an orthopaedic specialist for an accurate diagnosis.

Overpronation and flatfoot can result in pain and gait problems. For a detailed evaluation,

please consult our foot and ankle subspecialist at 62355225 today.

How are They Treated (Non-Surgical)?

Non-surgical treatments for overpronation and flatfoot includes:

  • Orthotics and supportive footwear: Custom-made shoes with proper arch support and cushioning can improve alignment issues and reduce pain.
  • Physiotherapy: Certain exercises and stretches can help to strengthen supporting muscles in the foot and ankle, thereby improving comfort and function.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications: This can aid in reducing pain and inflammation.
  • Bracing and taping: This can provide temporary additional support to enhance function.

How are They Treated (Surgical)?

In severe cases of overpronation and flatfoot, or cases where the pain persists after conservative treatment, surgery might be needed. Surgical procedures include:

  • Calf Recession (Calf Release): This procedure is done to loosen severely tight calves.
  • Arthrodesis: Also known as a joint fusion surgery, this helps to stabilise the foot and improve alignment.
  • Subtalar stent implants: A minimally invasive procedure that uses a small titanium piece of metal to prevent the foot from overpronating. The patient can walk immediately after.

Dr Yung is skilled in a wide range of techniques to correct overpronation and flatfoot.

For targeted and effective treatment, contact us at 62355225 today.

3 Mount Elizabeth#05-07 Mount Elizabeth Medical CentreSingapore 228510

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